Advocacy

Estonian President Makes Second U.S. Visit

President Kaljulaid returned to the U.S. just two weeks after the April 3rd summit between President Trump and the Baltic presidents.  Her schedule for this visit brought her back to Washington, DC and then took her to Arizona for the prestigious Sedona Forum hosted by the McCain Institute for International Leadership at Arizona State University.

Kaljulaid Sedona

President Kaljulaid at the Sedona Forum with fellow panelists Mikhail Khodorkovsky (right), Senator Amy Klobuchar and moderator Ambassador Kurt Volker.   Photo courtesy of the McCain Institute for International Leadership.

While in Washington, her main engagement was at the International Monetary Fund/World Bank Group’s Spring Meetings 2018, where she appeared as a panelist in the event’s discussion on universal health coverage.  The conference acknowledged Estonia as having one of the best health systems in the world and President Kaljulaid addressed the success Estonia has had with its online approach, along with innovations they have in development.  In describing Estonia’s fully digitalized public sector, she noted that “the only things [Estonians] don’t do digitally are…sell property and get married.”

The president was also interviewed as part of the Spring Meetings 2018 Global Voices series, where she discussed a variety of subjects including health care, technology, gender equality, and the global digital economy.  Videos of the Towards Universal Health Coverage panel and the interview are available at live.worldbank.org by searching in the Event Finder for April 20th.  Her other appointments in Washington included an interview with Washington Post journalists Josh Rogin and Christian Caryl, and a visit to the Michael Sittow exhibition at the National Gallery of Art, guided by the museum’s curator John Hand.

Kaljulaid Sittow

President Kaljulaid, with National Gallery of Art curator John Hand, at the Michael Sittow exhibit.  Photo courtesy of the Estonian Embassy in the U.S.

President Kaljulaid then attended the Sedona Forum 2018, which took place on April 20th and 21st.   According to its website (www.thesedonaforum.org), the annual off-the-record event “convenes thought-leaders, decisionmakers, activists and diverse experts to discuss approaches and solutions to real-world problems.” The president joined Senator Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) and Open Russia founder Mikhail Khodorkovsky as panelists addressing the question, Russia: Now What?  The panel examined expectations for Putin’s renewed term in power and options for responding to the Kremlin’s policies that continue to defy and attack the norms of national sovereignty, democratic rule, and international relationships.

Posts to President Kaljulaid’s social media (twitter.com/KerstiKaljulaid and www.facebook.com/KerstiKaljulaid) indicate she had conversations with several other Forum contributors, including Senator Dan Sullivan (R-AK) on NATO issues and energy security, and actor/activist Ashton Kutcher on curbing the problem of human trafficking.   The full list of world-class participants and agenda for this year’s forum are available on its website.

The wide range of topics covered by President Kaljulaid’s second U.S. trip in a month again highlighted her ease with many complex challenges leaders currently face on the global stage.  During the summit and on this visit, she cemented her status as an intelligent, competent, caring leader of a nation that deserves attention as an example to follow for others seeking to modernize their governments and better serve their citizens in a digital world.  EANC looks forward to following her impact on the issues that define U.S.-Estonian relations and reporting on future visits.

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Advocacy

President Kaljulaid’s Visit – An Estonian American Perspective

Estonian president Kersti Kaljulaid visited Washington, DC on April 3rd and 4th in conjunction with the summit meeting between President Trump and all three Baltic leaders.  Her busy agenda included meetings at the White House followed by a joint press conference; a U.S.-Baltic business summit hosted by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce; a dinner event at the Atlantic Council that featured outgoing National Security Advisor H.R. McMaster’s final address before leaving his post; President Kaljulaid’s first solo public speaking appearance in the U.S., also hosted by the Atlantic Council; a visit to Arlington National Cemetery; and finally a reception at the Estonian embassy.  EANC was represented at several of these events.  While reporting of the visit is widely available on the websites of the organizations that hosted the events and of many Estonian and U.S. press outlets, this article will focus on insights picked up by EANC’s Washington, DC Director as she moved through the week.

AC roof terrace

Estonian delegation on the rooftop terrace of Baker McKenzie, the firm that provided the venue for A Conversation with President Kersti Kaljulaid.

Everything EANC’s representative witnessed, from the press conference and business summit to the second Atlantic Council event and embassy reception, left an impression of President Kaljulaid as an intelligent, dignified, diplomatic leader.  She joined her colleagues in treating the summit as a meeting of equal partners on the transatlantic stage and demonstrated expertise on a variety of topics, including digital society, cyber security, artificial intelligence, genome mapping and global economics.

The business summit showcased the Baltics as a great place to do business.  President Kaljulaid emphasized Estonia as the first stop for secure commerce, especially in the technology sector, finding it “weird” that all countries don’t require digital identification at both ends of transactions to ensure the safety of corporate and personal data.  She described the success of public-private cooperation in building Estonia’s secure internet backbone as a model for other nations to follow.  Panelists from U.S. companies doing business in the Baltics confirmed through their very positive experiences that the Baltics are open for business, citing work ethic, drive for innovation, loyalty, and resourcefulness as assets offered abundantly by business leaders in the region.  Also at the event, Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross, who attended the White House meeting, noted that the Baltic presidents developed a good rapport with President Trump, who was impressed with their candor on topics including defense, economic, and energy cooperation.  A video of the business summit is available at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce website under Recent Events.

The Atlantic Council’s Conversation with President Kersti Kaljulaid highlighted Estonia as the world’s most digitized nation.  The president discussed artificial intelligence, blockchain technology, cyber security and Estonia’s creation of a borderless and secure digital society, and how all these factors impact Estonia’s digital government.  While addressing these very complex topics, Kaljulaid’s delivery made them surprisingly understandable.  She noted that there isn’t much Russian oligarchic money in Estonia because their digital economy is so transparent, and that the 2007 cyber attack didn’t meet the threshold for a NATO Article 5 response because it didn’t come close threatening Estonia’s security and sovereignty, having shut down certain services for only a few hours.  She also mentioned Estonia’s bid for the Eastern European non-permanent seat on the U.N. Security Council next year with a plan to bring discussion of the digital realm to the international table.  The full video is available at the Atlantic Council’s website under Events/Webcasts for April 4th.  The video of the dinner event, titled 100 Years of US-Baltic Partnership, is also posted on the same page.

Me at WH press conference

EANC Washington, DC Director Karin Shuey before the White House press conference.

The Estonian president’s visit to Arlington National Cemetery paid respects to three men with connections to Estonia.  She visited the graves of Robert Frasure, the first U.S. ambassador to Estonia after independence in 1991; General Aleksander Einseln, who retired from a distinguished U.S. Army career in 1985 and returned to his native Estonia in 1993 to become the chief of Estonia’s defense forces; and Private Jaak Kuri, who was born in Estonia, fought for the U.S. in Vietnam, and was killed there at age 24.  General Einseln’s full honors interment ceremony took place on April 2nd and was attended by the author on behalf of EANC.

President Kaljulaid’s final appearance of her U.S. visit was at the Embassy of Estonia, where she shared some thoughts about her trip to a gathering of Estonian Americans, government officials, and other friends of Estonia.  The reception also featured the presentation of the book, Sailing to Freedom, by Voldemar Veedam and Carl B. Wall.  It is the second printing of the 1952 account of the trans-Atlantic crossing in the small sailboat Erma from Sweden of Estonian refugees to find security in the US.

The president noted that every journalist who interviewed her during the week asked some version of the same question:  What did you get from President Trump?  Her response clearly illustrated her intent to hold equal ground with the U.S. leader.  She said she did not come to the U.S. “with an empty bag, [asking anyone] to fill it with goodies.”  She, along with President Grybauskaitė and President Vējonis, showed their mettle as world leaders and contributors to international security, standing side-by-side with their colleagues to solve global challenges together.

EANC was honored to take part in this historic visit and extends its thanks to the Embassy of Estonia, the Department of State, the White House Press Office, the Atlantic Council and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce for their successful execution of the week’s events.

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